The paradise island of Cyprus is the third biggest in the Mediterranean both in terms of area and population and is divided into two parts. North Cyprus has an area of 3,355 square kilometers, and makes up around one-third of the island. Touched by many cultures throughout the history, North Cyprus presents you with reflections of many civilizations. Its friendly and hospitable people will always welcome you to this island, famous for its clear blue seas, historic beauties, delicious Mediterranean cuisine, and a glamourous yet cheap lifestyle.
With six major districts, namely Nicosia (capital), Kyrenia, Famagusta, Iskele, and Morphou, and many small villages, North Cyprus is a perfect example of urban life with a charm of a small island.
Travel distances between major districts vary from 15 minutes to 2 hours, and there is public transportation available.
There are three airports in Cyprus, Ercan Airport (ECN) in the North, located near the capital city, and Larnaca(LCA) and Paphos Airports in the south.
There are 9 border crossings between the north and the south, open 24 hours a day, and allows for car or pedestrian access.
Access to North Cyprus via ferries from Turkey is also possible, to Kyrenia or Famagusta ports.
North Cyprus`s climate is warm and sunny typical Mediterranean weather, with around 340 days of sunshine per year. It has short spring and autumns, mild winters, and long, dry summers. May to October may be considered summer, and is characterized by high temperatures and clear skies. Winter is between December and February, and there is no snow, but a little rain.
The lowest temperature is recorded in January and are about 15 C, and the highest temperatures can be seen in July and August at around 40 degrees Celcius.
North Cyprus has over 30 sandy beaches and the water temperatures are around 20.
The last official census in North Cyprus was done in 2011, and according to these numbers, the population of North Cyprus was 286,257. However, with increasing demand in higher education in Cyprus, as of 2017, this number is estimated to be around 400,000, excluding constant flow of tourists.
The official language of North Cyprus is Turkish. At schools, the academic language used is Turkish, however in spoken word, North Cyprus has its unique Turkish dialect, called Cypriot dialect, which includes many words from Greek and the intonation is similar to that of Cypriot Greek.
While not speaking the language at moving destinations is one of the biggest reasons would-be expats worry about, when North Cyprus is concerned, this is not an issue, as the majority of the population of all ages also speak English.
Cyprus uses Eastern European Time which is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+2). There is only one time zone in the country.
In North Cyprus, the official currency is Turkish Liras (₺), however Euros and British Pounds are also widely used, and British Pounds is the dominant currency for properties.
There are three main leading sectors in Cyprus, namely tourism, higher education and construction. These all have a multiplier effect within and drive each other at all times.
Visa / Passport
You may obtain a tourist visa with no extra cost once you arrive at the airport. With this visa, you may stay in North Cyprus for a period of three months.
The citizens of Turkey, Canada, Mexico, USA, Switzerland, Japan, Israel, Norway, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, New Zealand, Australia and countries of the European Union do not need a visa to enter the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Citizens of the remaining countries must find out about passports and visa requirements from the nearest Representative or Embassy of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
Visitors to Northern Cyprus must have a passport that is valid for at least six months with at least two clear and free pages. Passports are stamped on arrival, at the Ercan airport, military airports, and at the Kyrenia and Famagusta sea ports. Visitors arriving from South Cyprus also need to have their passports stamped at the checkpoints along the border. On arrival, visitors are issued a tourist visa that is valid for three months.
Driving in North Cyprus is on the left hand side, and drivers must be over 18 and in possession of a valid driver’s license. You may use your foreign driving license in TRNC for up to three months, after which time you will be required to get a TRNC driving license. Without a valid driving license, the car insurance will be void, and in case of an accident, you will not be covered.
The standard and availability of medical care in North Cyprus is high and this always seems to be a pleasant surprise for visitors and expatriates.
There are a number of private clinics and hospitals as well as state run surgeries and emergency medical facilities; there are also care homes and a wide choice of well-equipped dentists. Furthermore the cost of receiving medical treatment in Northern Cyprus is far cheaper than expected in private hospitals, and free at state hospitals. .
Useful contact numbers are:
Kyrenia Hospital: +90 392 815 2266
Nicosia Hospital:+90 392 228 5441
Famagusta Hospital: +90 392 366 2876
Guzelyurt Hospital: +90 392 714 2125
All main cities like Famagusta, Kyrenia, Morphou and Nicosia has own hospitals that run by the state.